Huqooq e Niswan: A Classic Urdu Book on Women's Rights
Huqooq e Niswan (Women's Rights) is a book written by Maulwi Sayed Mumtaz Ali, a prominent Urdu writer and social reformer of the 19th century. The book was published in 1898 and is considered one of the first feminist works in Urdu literature. It challenges the traditional views on women's roles and status in Islam and society, and advocates for their education, empowerment and equality.
In this article, we will provide a brief overview of the book and its author, and explain how you can download a free PDF version of Huqooq e Niswan from the internet.
Who was Maulwi Sayed Mumtaz Ali?
Maulwi Sayed Mumtaz Ali was born in 1860 in Lahore, Pakistan. He was a scholar, journalist, lawyer and activist who devoted his life to promoting social reforms and modern education among Muslims. He founded several newspapers and magazines, such as Tahzeeb-ul-Akhlaq (Ethical Culture), Makhzan (Treasure) and Tehzeeb-e-Niswan (Women's Culture), to spread his progressive ideas and address various issues affecting the Muslim community.
He was especially concerned about the plight of women, who were often oppressed, illiterate and confined to their homes. He believed that Islam granted women equal rights and dignity, but they were denied by the patriarchal customs and interpretations of religious texts. He wrote several books and articles to defend women's rights and refute the arguments of conservative clerics who opposed his views. Huqooq e Niswan was his most famous and influential work in this regard.
What is Huqooq e Niswan about?
Huqooq e Niswan is a comprehensive treatise on women's rights in Islam and society. It consists of 12 chapters, covering topics such as marriage, divorce, inheritance, education, employment, veil, polygamy, domestic violence, legal testimony, political participation and moral character. The book presents Quranic verses, Hadiths (sayings of Prophet Muhammad), historical examples and rational arguments to support its claims.
The main theme of the book is that women are equal to men in all aspects of life, and they have the same rights and responsibilities as men. The book also criticizes the prevalent practices that discriminate against women or violate their rights, such as child marriage, forced marriage, dowry, divorce by triple talaq (verbal repudiation), denial of inheritance or education, seclusion or isolation from society, physical or verbal abuse, etc. The book urges men to treat women with respect and kindness, and women to assert their rights and dignity.
How to download Huqooq e Niswan PDF?
If you are interested in reading Huqooq e Niswan in Urdu, you can download a free PDF version of the book from the following sources:
Rekhta: This is a website dedicated to Urdu poetry and literature. You can read Huqooq e Niswan online or download it as a PDF file from this link[^1^].
Internet Archive: This is a digital library that offers access to millions of books, movies, music and other media. You can download Huqooq e Niswan as a PDF file or other formats from this link[^2^].
Digital Library of India: This is a project that aims to preserve and digitize the cultural heritage of India. You can download Huqooq e Niswan as a PDF file from this link[^3^].
We hope you enjoy reading Huqooq e Niswan and learn more about the history and philosophy of women's rights in Islam and Urdu literature. 0efd9a6b88